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Синопсис

Чтобы понять, насколько хорошо ваша организация подготовлена к достижению своих целей и какие элементы влияют на ее способность осуществлять изменения, вам нужен мощный инструмент. Фреймворк McKinsey 7S существует уже 50 лет и доказал свою эффективность в этом вопросе. С помощью нашей Фреймворк McKinsey 7S презентации вы сможете определить слабые звенья в процессах вашего предприятия, улучшить производительность, поддерживать согласованность и управлять изменениями с максимальной эффективностью.

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The McKinsey 7S framework can be used to align an organization's strategy with its structure by identifying the weakest links in the organization's processes. It helps in improving performance, maintaining alignment, and managing change with maximum efficiency. The 7S framework focuses on seven aspects: strategy, structure, systems, shared values, skills, style, and staff. By analyzing these aspects, an organization can understand how well it is positioned to meet its goals and what elements influence its capability to implement change.

While the McKinsey 7S framework is a powerful tool for organizational analysis and change management, it does have its critics. Some argue that the model is too simplistic and fails to account for the complexity and dynamism of modern organizations. Others point out that it does not provide clear guidance on how to implement change or address conflicts between the seven elements. Additionally, the model assumes that all seven elements must be in alignment for an organization to be successful, which may not always be the case.

The McKinsey 7S framework can be used to assess an organization's readiness for change by identifying the weakest links in the organization's processes. It helps in improving performance, maintaining alignment, and managing change with maximum efficiency. The framework examines seven key elements: strategy, structure, systems, shared values, skills, style, and staff. By analyzing these elements, an organization can understand its current state and identify what needs to change to achieve its goals.

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Основные моменты слайда

Используйте этот слайд, чтобы коснуться семи элементов фреймворка. Это стратегия, структура, системы, общие ценности, стиль, персонал и навыки. Ниже вы найдете больше информации о каждом из элементов фреймворка McKinsey 7S.

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С помощью этого слайда вы можете подчеркнуть преимущества использования модели McKinsey 7S. Вы можете упомянуть, что она показывает более широкие последствия любых изменений и помогает организации выяснить, что ей нужно сделать, чтобы достичь желаемого.

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Используйте этот слайд, чтобы продемонстрировать модель McKinsey 7S на примере кейс-стади. Бизнес-кейс: Исследование добавляют убедительности и поддерживают вашу основную тезу, объясняя, как были решены проблемы; они "рисуют" более яркие образы и вызывают эмоции.

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In the McKinsey 7S framework, systems are significant as they refer to the procedures, processes, and routines that characterize how important work is to be done. They enforce the behavior patterns and can either support or hinder the implementation of the organization's strategy.

The McKinsey 7S model helps in aligning an organization's processes by providing a holistic view of the organization. It considers seven key elements: strategy, structure, systems, shared values, style, staff, and skills. By analyzing these elements, the model helps to identify how they interact and how changes in one area may impact others. This allows for a more effective implementation of changes and helps the organization to align its processes towards achieving its goals.

Skills in the McKinsey 7S framework refer to the capabilities and competencies that exist within the company. They are the abilities that the company's staff possess, which can be used to achieve the company's goals. These skills can be technical or soft skills, and they play a crucial role in implementing the company's strategy and achieving its objectives.

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Обзор

"Описанный в книге В поисках совершенства, авторами которой являются бывшие консультанты McKinsey Томас Дж. Питерс и Роберт Х. Ватерман, этот фреймворк представляет собой созвездие взаимосвязанных факторов, влияющих на способность организации к изменениям. Отсутствие иерархии среди этих факторов говорит о том, что значительный прогресс в одной части организации будет сложен без работы над другими," - говорится на сайте McKinsey & Co.

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The McKinsey 7S Framework remains relevant in today's business environment as it provides a holistic view of an organization. It maps interrelated factors that influence an organization's ability to change, suggesting that progress in one area will be difficult without working on the others. This comprehensive approach is crucial in today's complex and dynamic business environment.

The McKinsey 7S Framework aids in strategic decision making by providing a holistic view of an organization. It maps a constellation of interrelated factors that influence an organization's ability to change. This lack of hierarchy among these factors suggests that significant progress in one part of the organization will be difficult without working on the others. Therefore, it helps leaders understand the complex relationship between different parts of the organization and make strategic decisions accordingly.

The McKinsey 7S Framework can be applied in various industries for organizational analysis and improvement. It can be used to identify the current state of the organization, the desired future state, and the gaps that need to be filled to reach that state. It can also be used to ensure that all parts of the organization are aligned and working towards the same goals. The framework can be particularly useful in situations of organizational change, such as mergers and acquisitions, restructurings, or strategy shifts.

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Согласно McKinsey, семь элементов фреймворка следующие:

  1. Стратегия – это план вашей организации по созданию и поддержанию конкурентного преимущества над своими конкурентами.
  2. Структура – это то, как организована ваша компания (то есть, как структурированы отделы и команды, включая то, кто кому подчиняется).
  3. Системы – это ежедневные действия и процедуры, которые сотрудники используют для выполнения работы.
  4. Общие ценности – это основные ценности организации, которые проявляются в корпоративной культуре и общей рабочей этике. Когда модель была впервые разработана, они назывались "сверхординарными целями".
  5. Стиль – принятый стиль руководства.
  6. Персонал – сотрудники и их общие способности.
  7. Навыки – реальные навыки и компетенции сотрудников организации.
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The McKinsey 7S framework contributes to the overall success of an organization by providing a holistic view of the organization. It emphasizes the interconnectivity of seven key elements: Strategy, Structure, Systems, Shared values, Style, Staff, and Skills. By aligning these elements, an organization can achieve its goals more effectively. The framework helps in identifying areas of strength and weakness, facilitating the implementation of change, and maintaining a balance between the elements for sustained competitive advantage.

The key competencies that an organization should focus on developing in its employees include strategic thinking, understanding of the company's structure, proficiency in the systems used for daily activities, alignment with the shared values of the organization, adaptability to the leadership style, and enhancement of their general capabilities and specific skills.

The McKinsey 7S framework can be used to identify areas for improvement in an organization by analyzing the seven key elements: Strategy, Structure, Systems, Shared values, Style, Staff, and Skills. By examining each of these areas, an organization can identify where it is performing well and where it needs improvement. For example, if the organization's strategy is not aligned with its structure, or if its systems are not effective, these are areas that need improvement. Similarly, if the organization's shared values are not being upheld, or if its leadership style is not effective, these are also areas that need improvement. The same applies to the staff and their skills.

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Применение

Сервис по улучшению рабочих процессов, Tallyfy, перечисляет эти шаги на пути к реализации модели McKinsey 7S:

  • Распознайте свободные концы - первый шаг связан с самооценкой, говорит команда Tallyfy. Убедитесь, что все элементы выровнены и что нет свободных концов, потому что с одним разрезом все может рухнуть.
  • Установите свои цели - установите четкие цели для организации, чтобы выполнить их в срок и создать цель в рабочей силе. "Со всеми связанными элементами используйте его как чертеж для разработки стратегии. Тем самым, убедитесь, что план или установленная цель соответствует остальному,[/EDQ] говорят эксперты.
  • Определите, что нужно изменить - работая над стратегией, вы, вероятно, столкнетесь с некоторыми сегментами организации, которые не соответствуют плану работы. Теперь пришло время решить, какие изменения нужно внести, создать новые части, если это необходимо, и сосредоточиться на поддержании выравнивания.
  • Внедрите свой план в действие - выполнение проекта утомительно и может вызвать новые вопросы и потребовать больше, чем было назначено. Для руководящей команды критически важно уметь преодолевать трудности, поддерживать связь для эффективной коммуникации и обеспечивать связность всех элементов.
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The McKinsey 7S Framework consists of seven interconnected components: Strategy, Structure, Systems, Shared Values, Skills, Style, and Staff. These components are used to ensure that the key elements of an organization are aligned and working together effectively.

1. Strategy: The plan devised to maintain and build competitive advantage.
2. Structure: The way the organization is structured and who reports to whom.
3. Systems: Daily activities and procedures that staff members engage in to get the job done.
4. Shared Values: Called "superordinate goals" when the model was first developed, these are the core values of the company that are evidenced in the corporate culture and general work ethic.
5. Skills: The capabilities and competencies that exist within the company.
6. Staff: The company's employees and their general capabilities.
7. Style: The leadership approach of top management and the company's overall operating approach.

These elements need to be aligned for a strategy to be implemented effectively. For example, if a company's strategy requires a new skill set, it must hire staff with those skills or train existing staff, and possibly adjust its structure to accommodate the change.

Setting clear goals within the McKinsey 7S Framework enhances business strategy by providing a clear direction and purpose for the organization. It helps in aligning all the elements of the organization towards a common objective. This alignment is crucial for the successful execution of any strategy as it ensures that all parts of the organization are working together towards the same end. Furthermore, clear goals provide a benchmark for measuring progress and success, enabling the organization to track its performance and make necessary adjustments. They also help in identifying areas that need change or improvement, thereby facilitating continuous improvement and growth.

The McKinsey 7S Framework contributes to digital transformation initiatives by providing a comprehensive model to assess and optimize the seven key internal aspects of an organization: strategy, structure, systems, shared values, skills, style, and staff. This holistic approach ensures that all elements are aligned towards the digital transformation goals. It helps identify areas that need change, set clear goals, and create a strategic plan for digital transformation. The framework also aids in executing the plan, managing changes, and maintaining alignment across the organization.

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Пример

Mind Tools, ресурс для улучшения навыков управления, лидерства и личной эффективности, иллюстрирует модель McKinsey 7S следующим примером.

Представьте, что Whitehawk Electronics - это стартап, в котором работает пять членов команды. Поскольку Whitehawk Electronics - развивающийся бизнес, он почти полностью зависит от видения и ценностей основателя. Давайте назовем ее Аликс. Стартап продает в одном рынке и использует готовые IT и бухгалтерские системы. Однако, по мере роста бизнеса, штат расширяется до 30 членов, и Whitehawk Electronics начинает исследовать и завоевывать разные рынки. Новые требования клиентов требуют новых навыков в различных отделах: от маркетинга до финансового управления. Аликс решает применить анализ модели McKinsey 7-S и узнает, что развивающаяся стратегия продаж ее компании больше не соответствует набору навыков малого бизнеса.

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The McKinsey 7S Framework can be applied in the electronics industry in several ways. For instance, it can be used to assess the alignment of the company's strategy with its structure, systems, shared values, skills, style, and staff. This can help identify areas of misalignment and guide necessary changes. For example, if an electronics company is expanding into new markets, the framework can be used to evaluate if the company's current structure and systems are capable of supporting this expansion. If not, changes can be made accordingly. Similarly, if the company is introducing new products, the framework can help assess if the staff has the necessary skills to support these new products. If there's a skills gap, training programs can be implemented.

The McKinsey 7S Framework can assist in exploring and conquering new markets by providing a comprehensive analysis of the organization's internal environment. It helps identify the strengths and weaknesses of the seven key elements: strategy, structure, systems, shared values, skills, style, and staff. By understanding these elements, an organization can align its resources and capabilities with its market expansion strategy. For instance, if the skills of the staff do not match the requirements of the new market, training or hiring can be done accordingly. Similarly, the systems can be upgraded to meet the demands of the new market. Thus, the McKinsey 7S Framework can guide an organization in making necessary changes for successful market expansion.

The McKinsey 7S Framework is beneficial for a growing business in several ways. Firstly, it helps in identifying the weakest links in the organization that may hinder its growth. Secondly, it aids in aligning the organization's strategy with its capabilities, ensuring that the business is well-equipped to meet new market demands. Thirdly, it assists in managing change effectively, which is crucial for a growing business as it expands and enters new markets. Lastly, it provides a holistic view of the organization, considering both hard (strategy, structure, systems) and soft (shared values, skills, style, staff) elements, thereby ensuring a balanced approach to business growth.

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Из-за быстрого потока новых сотрудников и изменений в технологиях некоторые сотрудники не обладают необходимыми системными навыками. Кроме того, ценности и миссия организации не ясны всем членам команды. После проведения анализа модели McKinsey 7S и обнаружения этого, Аликс решает проблемы, внедряя программы адаптации и обучения, и возвращает все ключевые элементы Whitehawk в соответствие.

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The key elements of the McKinsey 7S Framework enhance business strategy by providing a holistic view of the organization. The seven elements - Strategy, Structure, Systems, Shared Values, Skills, Style, and Staff - are interconnected and changes in one area can impact others. This framework helps in identifying areas of misalignment and implementing necessary changes to ensure all elements are working towards the organization's goals. It also aids in managing change effectively, as it considers both hard (Strategy, Structure, Systems) and soft (Shared Values, Skills, Style, Staff) elements of the organization.

The main components of the McKinsey 7S Framework are: Strategy, Structure, Systems, Shared Values, Skills, Style, and Staff. These seven elements are interconnected and changes in one element can have effects on others. This framework is used to analyze organizations and their effectiveness.

Common challenges in applying the McKinsey 7S Framework include resistance to change, lack of understanding of the framework, and difficulty in identifying and aligning the seven elements (strategy, structure, systems, shared values, skills, style, and staff). These challenges can be overcome by ensuring clear communication of the purpose and benefits of the framework, providing adequate training to the staff, and involving all levels of the organization in the process. It's also crucial to regularly review and adjust the elements to maintain alignment.

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