Capital Budgeting Spreadsheet
Are you looking to determine which investment opportunities are best for your company, especially when multiple options are available? Our Capital Budgeting Spreadsheet Spreadsheet Template, available in Microsoft Excel and Google Sheets, simplifies the process of evaluating investments, analyzing financial performance, and making informed decisions.
The Capital Budgeting Spreadsheet template features critical capital budgeting models like IRR, WACC, Capital Budgeting, Adjusted Basis, and CAPM analysis. This template will help you evaluate the best project to invest in given your risk and reward tolerance. In each tab, blue fields are inputs in which project-specific details can be entered. Now, let's dive into the details to learn how to maximize and streamline your investment opportunities with this Capital Budget template.
Evaluate investments using IRR and WACC
The Internal Rate of Return (IRR) tab calculates the profitability of an investment, considering the initial investment, future cash flows, and holding period. On the IRR tab, use the bar chart to analyze the net cash flows and determine the break-even point – the point when revenues equal costs. Use IRR when comparing projects with similar risk profiles or when you need a single metric to evaluate a project's performance.
Imagine your company has two projects: Project A requires a $100,000 investment with expected cash flows of $30,000 annually for five years, while Project B requires a $50,000 investment with expected cash flows of $15,000 annually for five years. By calculating the IRR for each project, you can determine which project provides a higher return on investment, or ROI.
If you also want to compare your investment's performance against other opportunities, the WACC tab is the way to go. The Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC) tab represents the average rate a company should pay to finance its assets. At the center of WACC is the "unlevered beta". A higher unlevered beta means that a company is more volatile and riskier than the market average, while a lower unlevered beta means that a company is less risky.
Use WACC when comparing projects with different capital structures or assessing a company's financing strategy. Suppose your company is considering two expansion projects with different financing options. Project A will be financed with 60% equity and 40% debt, while Project B will be financed with 40% equity and 60% debt. Calculating the WACC for each project allows you to compare their financing costs and choose the project with a lower cost of capital, enabling you to make more informed decisions. Just enter the required data on each section and the WACC will be displayed at the top of the tab.
Perform comprehensive analysis with Capital Budgeting
Capital Budgeting is the process of evaluating long-term investments, promoting strategic thinking to assess an investment's financial viability. Use the Capital Budgeting tab when you need a comprehensive analysis of multiple projects, considering various performance metrics.
Customize the blue input fields with your investment details, and the template will automatically calculate the results in the tables and charts, providing a quick glance at each project's crucial metrics, such as cash flow, net present value, and breakeven point. Other charts calculate the return on investment (ROI), profitability index, and payback period based on the provided inputs.
Maximize returns and minimize tax liability with Adjusted Basis
Adjusted Basis calculation represents an investment's original value after accounting for improvements, depreciation, and other factors that impact its value. Use the Adjusted Basis tab's calculations when determining taxable gains or losses for real estate and asset investments. This tab calculates the adjusted basis for both real estate and assets like stocks, providing key metrics that are crucial for maximizing your returns and minimizing your tax liability, aiding in reinvestment and tax planning decisions.
For asset analysis, first select the type of asset, such as a stock, mutual fund, or bond. Then, provide the transaction costs, improvements, and depreciation, to analyze all results for the investment. This information is crucial for maximizing your returns and minimizing your tax liability, aiding in reinvestment and tax planning decisions.
Estimate stock returns based on risk with CAPM
The Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) tab estimates the expected return on a stock based on its risk relative to the market. Using the CAPM formula, you can estimate the expected return, or profitability, of each stock and compare their respective levels of risk against your own risk tolerance. Say you are considering investing in two stocks, Tesla or Microsoft, but want to understand their potential returns based on their risk relative to the rest of the market. This might lead you to invest in Microsoft because of the volatility of Tesla, for example.
This tab calculates the CAPM of two different stocks and data for the CAPM model against the US Treasury 10-year bond yield, the return of the market, and the beta of each stock. Enter the date, price of the stock, and the S&P 500 return over that same period.
The template also provides the data of the S&P 500 since 1950, which can be used to calculate the expected return of the stocks based on the CAPM formula, helping you make informed investment decisions.
Download and customize our Capital Budgeting Spreadsheet Spreadsheet Template in Microsoft Excel or Google Sheets right now to streamline your investment analysis process and better inform your financial decisions. And for more like this, check out our Capital Budgeting Spreadsheet to create a winning plan backed up by data for your next business venture.